The laws protect women, disabled persons, ethnic minorities, LGBTs and persons who live with HIV/AIDS from discrimination. However, women face a 10 per cent pay gap and are twice as likely to be unemployed as men. Afro-Uruguayans face discrimination in employment and as a result, many live in poverty. The law's provisions on disabled persons are not well enforced.
Collective bargaining is recognised and takes place. However, some employers have been trying to weaken collective bargaining by refusing to negotiate, or by not implementing the collective agreements reached.
The report finds that the law enforcing agencies lack resources to effectively implement the law with regards to child labour and forced labour. While child labour and forced labour are not widespread in the country, they do occur.
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