The majority of African’s population remain vulnerable and excluded from social protection benefits which can guarantee better living and
working conditions. The extent of the social protection deficit in Africa, especially with respect to health coverage, income protection and
unemployment benefits is huge and results in massive poverty. Only 3 out of 54 African countries have ratified Convention 102 on social
protection; 4 have ratified Convention 183 on maternity protection; and 2 have ratified Convention 189 on domestic workers.