The rise and seemingly endless sectarian conflicts, as well as the new and shocking phenomenon of extremism on the continent are posing
serious challenges for the security of people and their properties. The growing insecurity, fragile peace and apparently weak stability
situation in the worst hit countries largely result from the armed and violent conflicts. In most cases, ethnic, religious, communal sentiments,
as well as the preservation of influence and dominance have been displayed in these needless and avoidable conflicts aimed at securing
power and control for supposedly dominant and militarily strong parties. They are leading to the erosion of opportunities for the actualisation
of individual and communal potentials.